Academic Reviews: Comprehensive Coverage of All You Should Know

Academic Reviews: Comprehensive Coverage of All You Should Know

As you go through your college studies, you will face different kind is writing assignments designed to help you develop your writing skills. Additionally, these assignments will give your instructors an opportunity to assess your level of understanding of a certain topic and how well you can express it in writing. Review articles are some of those assignments that you will have to face as you develop and express your writing capabilities. When handling a review, you have a free platform to exercise and express your analytical and critical instincts to look at what others have done and come up with your unbiased assessment.

You also get the opportunity to deepen your knowledge and understanding of a particular topic by delving into other works that relate to it. The only thing you need to do is to refrain from bias and assumptions so that you can present your readers with results and inferences that have their basis in facts. In this post, we shall have a comprehensive coverage of these assignments so that you can take your game to the next level of proficiency. Keep reading to learn and benefit more.

What is a review?

Before we move and get more understanding of these articles, we are going to define review articles. When we talk about a review article, we are referring to a piece of writing that gives a summary of your present level of understanding a given topic. The article will survey and summarize previous publications without giving the reader a report of a new fact or analysis. The main purpose of a review article is to do the following:

  • They teach readers about current debates
  • Teaching readers about the major gaps in a piece of work
  • Helping a reader to understand recent discoveries and advancements in the field of study
  • Giving readers an idea of where studies are heading
  • The major players in a given field

Review articles in academic circles

When it comes to the world of academia, a review article analyzes and discusses the research that other people have already published. It allows reviewers to give expert opinions even though assessments by experts are more useful in this case. But why are these reviews important while readers have eyes to read and understand what the author is talking about? The reason why experts’ assessments are necessary is that an average reader can miss very critical features in the study. By getting an expert assessment and opinion, readers are in a better position of becoming beneficiaries of the expert’s evaluation and hence, they enhance the validity and application of the studies.

Additionally, these reviews come in different forms. Some of the types we are going to cover at length in this post are literature, systematic, and integrative reviews. However, a review article is not the same thing as a piece of literature that has undergone peer reviewing. However, review articles can still undergo peer reviewing.
Understanding different kinds of reviews

From the previous paragraphs, we had a glimpse of the kinds of reviews that exist. In this section of our post, we are going to dig deep into the details of these types of reviews. Here is an in-depth coverage of these categories.

Integrative reviews

In brief, integrative reviews are academic methods that approach a study in a manner that integrates different methodologies. These reviews use methods that include experiments and other non-experimental approaches. When using this kind of review, a reviewer uses methods that summarize previous theoretical and empirical literature with the aim of providing the reader with a complete comprehension of a given piece of work or occurrence.

If integrative reviews are done well, they give an accurate presentation of science, help in developing theories, and assist in the way theories apply in both practice and policies. One of the areas where these reviews can be applied is nursing. When applied in nursing, they help in the achievement of the following:

  • The definition of concepts
  • The reviewing of theories
  • The analysis of methodology matters
  • In the reviewing of evidence
  • In the pointing out of gaps and discrepancies in a piece of literature

    A good integrative review will have the following parts:

  • An abstract
  • An introduction
  • Objective
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusions

Systematic reviews

A systematic review is a kind of literature review that seeks to collect and analyze numerous studies utilizing techniques that the review selects before they develop a research question. After developing the research question/s, the review then goes on, finds out, and analyzes the studies that relate to the questions at hand using a structured method.

A systematic review is meant to give the reader a comprehensive summary of the literature in relation to the research question. Either these reviews can come in a quantitative form where one uses statistical methods to integrate the results of several results or qualitative where one summarizes the results of particular study without using statistics.

Meta-analysis reviews

These are forms of systematic review that focus on topics in pieces of literature and they provide the reader with quantitative estimates of the effects of that work. In meta-analytical reviews, you are allowed to use both qualitative and quantitative ways of presenting your findings while revealing the merits, demerits, and biases of a piece of literature.

Additionally, these reviews provide the reader with a standard that examines the available literature in a manner that is more controversial and particular with the aim of determining the possibility of an agreeable conclusion. To arrive at credible and valid results, you need to plan well for this study. You ought to ensure that the analysis can effectively combine the results of different studies from different studies to determine specific conclusions.

Literature reviews

Literature reviews are accounts of published materials on a particular topic by recognized authorities and researchers. When drafting a literature review, you are supposed to show the reader what you know about the literature under analysis, its weaknesses, strengths, and other pertinent facts you have established. Literature reviews come in different forms. Some of the main types of literature reviews are systematic, instrumental, evaluative, and explanatory.

Tips for writing different types of reviews

In this section, we shall examine tips that will help you in writing various types of review. Keep on reading.

Integrative reviews

To write better integrative reviews, here are a few tips to help you do that.

  • Take time to analyze the material you need to review
  • Carry out wide research to get the best evidence you need to form your perspectives
  • Do not approach the material with your preconceived views. Be unbiased and review the literature based on what it is and says, and not what you want or think it should be and say
  • Get evidence so that you can make objective assessment of the studies at hand
  • Develop and use your “hawk eye” instinct so that you can detect the slightest gaps in the work you are analyzing


Systematic reviews

stematic review differs from a conventional literature review in several ways. It addresses specific research questions, uses explicit and replicable methods, and attempts to critique studies in a given field. Here are a few tips that will help you to write a systematic literature review better.

  • Stay organized so that you can present your ideas in a comprehensible and logically coherent manner. Also, organization will help you to record all the pertinent information you need to use in the drafting of your review
  • Use a protocol to help you to come up with a clear plan regarding what you will be doing
  • Make sure you are particular in all your approach so that your review will make a beneficial contribution to your discipline of study. Additionally, being specific ensures you will develop a clear criteria for what you need to include or exclude in the study you are undertaking
  • In addition, you have to take time and understand the literature that you will be reviewing. This way, it is easier to select a review question that will fit within the limits of the available resources
  • To enhance your chances of writing an excellent systematic review, it is necessary to work with a person who has worked on this kind of review before. The reason is that they will expose you to another level of expertise you may not be having, and hence, make your entire process easier than it could have been had you lone ranged


Literature reviews

are ideas to help you in writing an excellent literature review.

  • You need to apply your ability to scan literature effectively using different methods such as manual or computers
  • Exercise your ability to critically appraise issues to establish their validity and any bias in them
  • Establish the particular themes, problems, or questions the piece of literatures seeks to address
  • Understand the kind of literature you are dealing with
  • Understand the scope of the literature review you are conducting
  • Cite and discuss all the other studies that contradict your view of the literature
  • Understand how the author of the literature has formulated it
  • Understand the author’s theoretical framework
  • Understand the readership of the material you are reviewing
  • Comprehend how the author structured their arguments
  • Understand and analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the literature
  • Decipher how the literature contributes to the problem and topic at hand

Writing review article is one of the avenues that allow you to develop and showcase your ability to use your analytical instinct and skills. These assignments enable you to use what others have published to contribute to your academic discipline so that others can capture the things that missed while reading the studies under analysis. Moreover, they come in different types that expose you to the usage of varying research methodologies. Writing these various types of reviews requires you to master and apply tips that will guide and inspire you to success. With the information we have shared in this post, you are in a better position to excel in your future assignments.