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The rate of distinction of today’s animal world is unacceptable – thousands of life forms are in danger today mainly because of human population growth and human activity. Deforestation, greenhouse effect, global warming, pollution – all these factors are responsible for many species become endangered or extinct. According to World Wide Fund for Nature around half of the world’s original forests have disappeared, and they are still being removed at a rate 10x higher than any possible level of regrowth. (WWF). Till recent times no one cared about repercussions of disappearance of extinct species – what would be the results of one link in food chain falling out. Only the Endangered Species Act of 1972 can be considered as one of the first attempts of humanity to admit that endangered species are esthetic, ecological, historical, recreational and scientific value to people. Since then people became really aware of the problem and started to take measures against extinction of animals, insects and plants. There are many ways of endangering species as well as many ways of protecting them.
Authors often raise the question of the necessity of saving endangered species, and it is one of the best ways to educate the younger generation why it is necessary to protect animals. The perfect example is the book named “100 Heartbeats” by Jeff Corwin. There the author gathers stories of endangered species, explains their background and cultural impact and why it affects everyone. (Corvin, 2009).
The governments struggle with this problem by passing laws aimed to support conservation of lands where endangered species live. Many non-profit organizations work to defend species that are under danger of extinction. Many people also participate in different organizations, become volunteers and try to save environment implementing nature-friendly rules of house holding. There are many well-known ways of protecting nature, still, there are some new approaches that use modern technologies.
For example, scientists use Google Earth for visualization and mapping of conservation and preservation of endangered species. GPS and accelerometer technologies in smart collars placed on animals of extinct species help to learn more about them, as a result, scientists can predict behavior of animals and prevent animal-man conflicts.
Remote monitoring is used to identify sounds of different animals, insects and birds to find out what species live in certain location. Scientists also install motion capture cameras to keep track of all animals that go pass camera. That helps to gather information about species.
Scientists weaponize even unusual technologies: for example, to protect elephants from conflicts with farmers many elephants have got collars with SIM cards that send messages to farmers every time animal gets close to crops. Special smart hooks with magnetic coating that produce voltage in sea water protect sharks from catching by fishing lines.
The speed of extinction is acceleration, so we are obliged to search for new and more productive approaches to wildlife protection. We have to make all possible efforts to preserve nature and help to restore it – it is our duty in the face of the next generation.
Corwin, Jeff. 100 Heartbeats: The Race to save Earth’s Most Endangered Species. New York, NY: Rodale, 2009. Print.
“How to help Protect Endangered Species.”endangeredspecies.com/ways_To_Help.htm. HowStuffWorks.com. 13 Nov 2013
“What We Do to Protect Endangered Species.” https://www.nwf.org/What-We-Do/Protect-Wildlife/Endangered-Species.aspx. National Wildlife Federation. 13 Nov 2013.